07 Common Pregnancy Complications: Causes and Solutions

7 Common Pregnancy Complications - Causes and Solutions: Almost every woman faces pregnancy complications which are known as health problems. It can damage the health of the mother, baby’s health, or both. Followings are some pregnancy complications which mother faces during pregnancy period:

1. Pregnancy and Morning Sickness

2. Iron during Pregnancy

3. Preventing Stretch Marks during Pregnancy

4. Hemorrhoids and Pregnancy (Constipation during Pregnancy)

5. Pregnancy and Back Pain

6. Rest and Sleep

7. Sex during pregnancy

07 Common Pregnancy Complications: Causes and Solutions
07 Common Pregnancy Complications: Causes and Solutions

1. Pregnancy and Morning Sickness
Pregnancy Complications: In the first half of pregnancy, feeling sick, nauseous or vomiting is normal, although the degree of sickness is unique to the woman.
Keeping away from cooking smells, and eating cold foods and drinks that have fewer smells, such as crackers, cereals, sandwiches, yogurts, fruits and smoothies may help your nausea.

Other ways to avoid nausea and vomiting include:

  • Eating dry food, such as toast, crackers or plain biscuits, first thing in the morning.

  • Sucking ice cubes may help freshen your mouth without overloading your stomach.

  • Food or drinks containing ginger, such as ginger tea, ginger ale or ginger biscuits, can help reduce feelings of sickness.  Lemon and peppermint teas also may help.

Avoid greasy, fatty and dried foods, as they may worsen nausea, while tight clothing and lying down after meals may lead to discomfort.

2. Iron during Pregnancy

Pregnancy Complications: Pregnant women can become low in iron, therefore it is important that your diet contains plenty of iron-rich foods and foods containing vitamin C. 

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Such as a glass of fruit juice, with iron-rich meals to help the body absorb the iron. Good sources of iron are red meat and fortified breakfast cereals.

The demands of your growing baby mean you may need to boost your supply, particularly in the second and third trimesters. The routine blood tests you have during pregnancy will identify if you are low on iron. 

If necessary, your GP may prescribe iron tablets, in which case you may want to increase the amount of fiber in your diet to help counteract the potential side effects like constipation.

To boost your iron intake try to include iron-rich foods at every meal, such as red meat, dark green vegetables like broccoli and watercress, fortified breakfast cereals, pulses, egg yolk, nuts, and seeds, dried fruit, as well as wholemeal bread.

Be sure to include foods rich in vitamin C, such as citrus or berry fruits or orange juice, with your iron-rich foods. 

It is best to avoid tea and coffee at mealtimes as they make it difficult for your body to absorb iron. 

Additionally, iron from fruit and vegetables is less easily absorbed than iron from meat and eggs.

3. Preventing Stretch Marks During Pregnancy

Pregnancy Complications: Between 75 and 90 percent of women develop stretch marks during pregnancy. They usually appear as thin, red lines on your stomach in the 6th or 7th month, but some women also get stretch marks on their thighs, buttocks, and breasts. 

After your baby is born, these marks should gradually fade away into white or silver lines, making them less noticeable. 

While there is nothing you can do that will guarantee the prevention of stretch marks, drinking plenty of water, eating a healthy diet and massaging a rich moisturizer or special anti-stretch marks cream into your skin daily, are a few steps that may help reduce them.

4. Hemorrhoids and Pregnancy

Pregnancy Complications: Hemorrhoids are a very common medical problem when small veins around the rectum and anus become varicose – dilated and swollen.

Hemorrhoids may become inflamed, develop small blood clots, or even cause minor bleeding. 

There are many reasons pregnancy may cause hemorrhoids.

For one, a pregnant woman’s enlarged womb increases pressure in the haemorrhoidal veins. 

Another reason is that certain hormones in pregnancy make your veins relax. Added to all of this is the fact that pregnancy often causes constipation.

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Here are a few ways to help you prevent hemorrhoids:
  • Eat a high fiber diet. A high fiber diet will move through the large intestine more easily and keep bowel movements from being too solid or too loose.

  • Drink plenty of fluids – 1-2 liters per day.

  • Exercise – Regular exercise can help to prevent constipation and reduce the blood pressure in your blood vessels.

  • Practice proper hygiene. Carefully cleanse the anal area to help prevent pain or irritation.

  • Go to the toilet as soon as you feel the urge. If you wait to pass a bowel movement and the urge goes away, your stool could become dry and harder to pass.

  • Use stool softeners when necessary. Stool softeners keep bowel movements moist and soft, helping them pass through the intestines more easily and be expelled without straining. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice.

07 Common Pregnancy Complications: Causes and Solutions
07 Common Pregnancy Complications: Causes and Solutions

5. Pregnancy and Back Pain
Pregnancy Complications: Many women often suffer from backache during pregnancy, although this back pain may be completely new or an exacerbation of a pre-existing condition.

The cause of the pain can be due to many different factors, but is usually related to strain to the joints, muscles, and ligaments around the lumbar spine and pelvis, as a result of body changes during pregnancy.

The pelvis is similar to a bucket, and during pregnancy not only does the weight within the bucket increase but also having this increase at the front of the bucket causes it to tilt forward. 

This increases lordosis (the curve at the lower back) and therefore can compress the joints at the bottom of the spine where it meets the pelvis.

Further to these changes, as the pregnancy progresses the body prepares itself for giving birth. The ligaments around the pelvis loosen to allow the baby to be born. 

This relaxation in the ligaments, and a weakening of the core muscles in the spine if you become less active, reduces back stability, putting the back at risk for more strain and pain.

This all said, many women have a pain free pregnancy, and those that do suffer can often gain excellent relief from strengthening exercises and manual therapy techniques.

If you are pregnant and suffering from back pain, then seeing a physiotherapist or preferably a specialized women’s health a physiotherapist is recommended to provide you with a specific diagnosis, appropriate advice, and an individual treatment plan.

Other tips for relieving back pain include:

  • Posture. Maintaining good posture by getting a good chair with proper back support or tucking a pillow behind your lower back.

  • Gentle exercise. Rest can cause your back to tighten, so gentle exercise is a good way to keep your back moving.

  • Flat shoes. You can reduce the strain on your back by wearing flat shoes with a cushioned sole.

  • Relax. You can lessen tension by trying to avoid stress and anxiety.

6. Rest and Sleep

It is normal to struggle to get to sleep when you are pregnant. As the third trimester progresses and your bump gets bigger, you may find it harder to get comfortable. 

If you are not sleeping well, try not to let it bothers you, as it will not harm your baby. Some tips for sleeping better include:
  • Do some gentle exercise during the day.

  • Rest during the day can also help you feel less tired.

  • Rather than watching television, spend the last hour before bed reading a book, listening to some restful music or taking a long soak in a warm bath.

  • Lie on your side and put extra pillows behind your back, under your bump and between your knees.

7. Sex During Pregnancy

Pregnancy Complications: Sexual intercourse is not harmful during pregnancy. In the first 3 months of pregnancy, the fetus takes up so little space in the womb that it cannot be seen or felt. 

The womb may contract more than usual during orgasm, but these are not the same contractions as those before delivery. 

Once your stomach starts to grow, intercourse may feel a little uncomfortable with the man on top, so it may be best to try other sexual positions. 
Under certain circumstances, a doctor or midwife might advise a couple to limit the amount of sex during pregnancy, but it is best to contact your own doctor.

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